Most Common Networking Terms and Acronyms – X

X terminal
Terminal that allows a user simultaneous access to several different applications and resources in a multivendor environment through implementation of X Windows. See also X Window System

X Window System
Distributed, network-transparent, device-independent, multitasking windowing and graphics system originally developed by MIT for communication between X terminals and UNIX workstations. See also X terminal.

ITU-T standard describing an addressing scheme used in X.25 networks. X.121 addresses are sometimes called IDNs.

ITU-T standard for serial communications over synchronous digital lines. The X.21 protocol is used primarily in Europe and Japan. Continue reading “Most Common Networking Terms and Acronyms – X”

Most Common Networking Terms and Acronyms – W

wide-area network. Data communications network that serves users across a broad geographic area and often uses transmission devices provided by common carriers. Frame Relay, SMDS, and X.25 are examples ofWANs. Compare with LAN and MAN.

wavelength division multiplexing. Multiple optical wavelengths can share the same transmission fiber. The spectrum occupied by each channel must be adequately separated from the others.

World Wide Web (also called WWW). A client/server system based on HTML and HTTP. Continue reading “Most Common Networking Terms and Acronyms – W”

Most Common Networking Terms and Acronyms – V

ITU-T standard for a physical layer interface between DTE and DCE. V.24 is essentially the same as the EIA/TIA-232 standard. See also EIA/TIA-232.

ITU-T specification describing procedures for call setup and tear down over the DTE-DCE interface in a PSDN.

ITU-T standard serial line protocol for bidirectional data transmissions at speeds of 4.8 or 9.6 kbps. See also V.32bis.

ITU-T standard that extends V.32 to speeds up to 14.4 kbps. See also V.32.

ITU-T standard that specifies a serial line protocol. V.34 offers improvements to the V.32 standard, including higher transmission rates (28.8 kbps) and enhanced data compression. Compare with V.32. Continue reading “Most Common Networking Terms and Acronyms – V”

Most Common Networking Terms and Acronyms – U

U interface
The interface between the telco and the user, also known as the local digital subscriber line (DSL) loop.

User Datagram Protocol. Connectionless transport layer protocol in the TCP/IP protocol stack. UDP is a simple protocol that exchanges datagrams without acknowledgments or guaranteed delivery, requiring that error processing and retransmission be handled by other protocols. UDP is defined in RFC 768.

Companding technique commonly used in North America. U-law is standardized as a 64-kbps CODEC in ITU-T G.711.

Universal Mobile Telephone Service. A 3G mobile wireless telecommunications system whose standards are being developed by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). Continue reading “Most Common Networking Terms and Acronyms – U”

Most Common Networking Terms and Acronyms – T

ITU standard that describes data conferencing. H.323 provides for the capability to establish T.120 data sessions inside an existing H.323 session.

Describes the overall procedure for establishing and managing communication between two fax machines.

Defines procedures for real-time Group 3 facsimile communication over IP networks.

Digital WAN carrier facility. T1 transmits DS-1–formatted data at 1.544 Mbps through the telephone-switching network, using AMI or B8ZS coding. Compare with E1. See also AMI, B8ZS, and DS-1. Continue reading “Most Common Networking Terms and Acronyms – T”

Most Common Networking Terms and Acronyms – S

storage area networking. An emerging data communications platform that interconnects servers and storage at Gigabaud speeds. By combining LAN networking models with the core building blocks of server performance and mass storage capacity, SAN eliminates the bandwidth bottlenecks and scalability limitations imposed by previous SCSI bus-based architectures.

1. service access point. Field defined by the IEEE 802.2 specification that is part of an address specification. Thus, the destination plus the DSAP define the recipient of a packet. The same applies to the SSAP. See also DSAP and SSAP.
2. Service Advertising Protocol. IPX protocol that provides a means of informing network clients, via routers and servers, of available network resources and services. See also IPX.

Scan is a nonintrusive analysis technique that identifies the open ports found on each live network device and collects the associated port banners found as each port is scanned. Each port banner is compared against a table of rules to identify the network device, its operating system, and all potential vulnerabilities. Continue reading “Most Common Networking Terms and Acronyms – S”